NEPAL

 

Agricultural Extension System in Nepal Issues and challenges

BirendraBahadurHamal, DDG, DOA

NiruDahalPandey, Program Director,DOAE, DOA

ShanbhuShrestha(General Secretary NAEA)

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National Agricultural Extension Systems in Nepal: An Analysis of the System Diversity.

|Sharma, N.K., (2011).
The country paper consists of different technical chapters including one main theme paper on Review of Agricultural Extension System in Nepal. 

http://www.moaf.gov.bt/moaf/?wpfb_dl=452

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Institutional and technological innovation: Understanding agricultural adaptation to climate change in Nepal.

Chhetri, N., Chaudhary, P., Tiwari, P.R and Yadawd, R.B., (2011).This paper illustrates how farmers and their supporting institutions are evolving and co-producing climate sensitive technologies on demand examining the extent to which resource endowments have influenced the evolution of technological and institutional innovations in Nepal’s agricultural research and development.

http://www.cspo.org/library/search/

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Participatory Agricultural Development in Nepal: Discrepancies between Policies, Views and Experiences.
Ghimire, N.R., Petheram, R.J and Perkins, J.M., (2009).

The study discusses the extent of farmer participation in agricultural development in Nepal, and explores the experiences of farmers in a Sustainable Soil Management Program. 

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Participatory Approach of extension: Review of Extension Services of Farmer Groups and Agricultural Cooperatives - A case study of Nepal.
Tiwari, K.P., (2009).

The study examines the participatory approaches adopted by extension services of Nepal

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Community-Driven Development and Scaling -up of MicroFinance Services: case Studies From Nepal and India 

NUBL’s growth leveled off just as expansion of SHGs accelerated in India. This was not a coincidence. The Maoist insurgency in Nepal severely restricted development of the microfinance sector, while the supporting environment in India facilitated its own unparalleled expansion.

http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/fcndp178.pdf

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Banking on the Poor Unleashing the Benefits of Microfinance

This policy brief is designed to help policymakers and practitioners understand the financial services needed by the poor. It is framed within lessons learned from a five-year IFPRI research program that examined, among other issues, the roles government should play in providing financial services to meet the needs of the poor. Insights presented here are based on a series of detailed household surveys conducted in nine countries of Africa and Asia: Bangladesh, Cameroon, China, Egypt, Ghana, Madagascar, Malawi, Nepal, and Pakistan.

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Rural financial policies for food security  for the poor 

This policy brief summarizes lessons learned from IFPRI´s multicountry program on rural finance and household food security with regard to the poors’ demand for financial services. The lessons are derived from detailed household surveys conducted in nine countries of Asia and Africa: Bangladesh, Cameroon, China, Egypt, Ghana, Madagascar, Malawi, Nepal, and Pakistan.

http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/mp05_brief.pdf

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Gender and Poverty New Evidence From 10 Development Countries

This paper presents new evidence on the association between gender and poverty based on an empirical analysis of 11 data sets from 10 developing countries. The paper computes income- and expenditure-based poverty measures and investigates their sensitivity to the use of per capita and per adult equivalent units. It also tests for differences in poverty incidence between individuals in male- and female-headed households using stochastic dominance analysis.

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Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture, Production Diversity, and Nutrition

With the increasing recognition that agricultural growth and development do not necessarily translate into improved nutrition outcomes, policymakers are increasingly grappling with how to design and implement agricultural policies and programs that can also achieve nutritional objectives. Agriculture has direct links to nutrition in that it provides a source of food and nutrients and a broad-based source of income, as well as directly influencing food prices. Gender roles mediate these linkages, particularly in relation to increased food availability and increased income.

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Agriculture, seed, and innovation in Nepal: Industry and policy issues for the future 

When agroecology is considered, the hill regions are divided into three (Table 1.1) resulting in five distinct domains that vary in their resource endowment, land-use systems, farming systems, cropping patterns and intensities, and access to road and market networks. Population distribution in Nepal is related more to the proportion of cultivated land than to the geographical area. For example, Terai and inner Terai are home to 48.4 percent of the population and cover 56 percent of the total cultivated land; hills account for 44.3 percent of population and 37 percent of cultivated land while mountains accommodate 7.3 percent of the total population and have only 7 percent of the cultivated land (Ne-pal, National Planning Commission–WFP–NDRI 2010)

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Estimating the Impact of Access to Infrastructure and Extension Services in Rural Nepal

We also show statistically significant impacts of irrigation using a hedonic model with two cross-sections of data. Our hedonic estimates of the effect of extension on land values in 2003/04 found that extension has a significant impact, while our estimates for 1995/96 suggest a positive yet statistically insignificant effect. However, the alternative panel approach did not yield significant estimates of the impact of access to irrigation or extension services.

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Improving the Effectiveness of Collective Action: Sharing Experiences from Community Forestry in Nepal

This paper is based on the findings from six forest users groups implementing a program aimed at strengthening governance at the local level through increased women’s participation and increased advocacy skills and capacity of selected civil society groups. It presents the process of women’s empowerment in forest user groups by describing changes made in those groups once women begin participating and holding key decision-making positions. The findings note significant variation in funds allocated for social and community development activities, which are necessary to address the issues of poverty and social equity in Nepal. In addition, they note the importance of building both the capacity of individual women leaders and an enabling environment to support the women’s initiatives. 

http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/CAPRIWP54.pdf

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Is Greater Decisionmaking Power of Women Associated with Reduced Gender Discrimination in South Asia?

Recent research has shown that improving women’s decisionmaking power relative to men’s within households leads to improvements in a variety of well-being outcomes for children. In South Asia, where the influence of women’s power is particularly strong, these outcomes include children’s nutritional status and the quality of feeding and health care practices.

http://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/fcndp200.pdf

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Agricultural Extension Services Delivery System in Nepal

This study is expected to contribute to the formulation of the NMTPF for Nepal. The main objective of the study is to identify the major issues and challenges facing the agricultural development sector from the perspective of technology transfer to the clientele. The strengths and weaknesses of the existing agricultural extension services will be analysed and recommendations will be put forth to address the identified gaps. Thus, the findings of the study will be helpful in the situation analysis and the preparation of the programme framework for the NMTPF.

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The History of the Department of Agricultural and Extension Education at the Pennsylvania State University 

This publication is to foster an understanding and appreciation for the historical events and professional contributions of those who influenced the establishment and development of the Department of Agricultural and Extension Education at The Pennsylvania State University.

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Journal of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences

This study examined the government’s aims in promoting farmer participation in Nepal and analyzed the experiences of farmers in an agricultural development program. Findings suggest that government policy stresses close coordination among research, extension and farmers but in practice farmers’ needs and priorities were not considered in program design. Extension staff directed farmer participation in the program mainly to generate the data for program reporting, while farmers often participated mainly for the ‘incentives’ offered. There is a need for strong interaction and coordination between participatory practitioners and farmers on setting the aims and type of participation in agricultural development.

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Temporal and Spatial Variability of Climate Change Over Nepal (1976-2005)

The climate change in general and changes in rainfall and temperature in particular, have profound effect on farming and water resources. Local communities have observed increased unpredicted  oods, landslides, heavy soil erosions, river cuttings and droughts as major hazards.The communities are adapting through some hazard mitigation measures against the adverse impacts of climate changes based on their local knowledge and persistent practices.

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Farmers’ evaluation of the System of Rice Intensification in the middle mountains of Nepal

The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) developed in Madagascar some 20 years ago could bring new hope for smallholder farmers in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas (HKH). The concept can be applied in any region where irrigated rice is cultivated, including the Himalayas. Initial findings in PARDYP have showed that this innovative approach to rice cultivation could work in the middle mountains of Nepal.

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Nepal Status Paper United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development 2012 (Rio+20) Synopsis

Nepal believes that Rio+20 will present an excellent opportunity for the international community to enhance cooperation on sustainable development. We also hope that this opportunity will be viused productively and wisely for renewing political commitment, formulating concrete action plans, and building an effective system of global governance to coordinate efforts for delivering on the conference commitments.

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Mountains of the World–Ecosystem Services in a Time of Global and Climate Change

Mountain areas are repositories of biological and cultural diversity and provide vital services with a tangible economic value – such as water, power, tourism, minerals, medicinal plants,and fi bres – to mountain communities and, even more important, to often heavily populated downstream areas. Mountains also infl uence the climates of their surrounding regions and serve as important carbon sinks.

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Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation in Nepal

The publications in this series record the work and thinking of IWMI researchers, and knowledge that the Institute’s scientific management feels is worthy of documenting. This series will ensure that scientific data and other information gathered or prepared as a part of the research work of the Institute are recorded and referenced. Working Papers could include project reports, case studies, conference or workshop proceedings, discussion papers or reports on progress of research, country-specific research reports, monographs, etc. Working Papers may be copublished, by IWMI and partner organizations.

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Role of radio on agricultural development: A review

This article discusses the role of radio in agricultural development of Nepal. The work is based on the review of some selected texts. The author’s main position here is that Nepal's present radio boom bears a high scope for a significant role in the promotion of agriculture, and that discoursing this issue should get due importance since Nepalese economy is highly dependent on agricultural products.

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Role of Local Communities and Intitutions in Intergrated Rural Development 

The objective of the Seminar was to undertake a comparative study by way of examining the nature, role and functions of local communities and various local institutions in member countries in terms of sustainable integrated rural development and their future directions.

http://www.apo-tokyo.org/publications/files/pjrep-icd-se-3-01.pdf

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MICRO-FINANCE Literature Review:Based on work by Eoin Wrenn for Trócaire, 2005

microfinance involves the provision of financial services such as savings, loans and insurance to poor people living in both urban and rural settings who are unable to obtain such services from the formal financial sector.

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Proceedings of National Agriculture Extension Workshop 13-14 December 2005 Lalitpur 

The Workshop was timely because agriculture extension now has to address several issues and areas emerging around the world. Papers on identified thematic areas were presented in the workshop by experienced resource persons to discuss and come out with practical suggestions. Presentation followed by group discussion, we believe, has enriched the workshop out-come.

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USAID/Nepal Feed the Future Overview Innovation Lab Meeting March 10, 2014

Goal: Maximize the number of Nepalis lifted out of poverty and increase the number of women and children with improved nutritional status.

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