Establishment of Fodder Nursery for Dairy Development
The establishment of fodder nursery and distribution of fodder seeds/root slips among the farming community through integrated and participatory extension approaches is essential for dairy development. Dr Prakashkumar Rathod, Dr Vivek Patil, Dr Channappagouda Biradar, Dr Anant Rao Desai and Mr Dattu Reddy share their experiences of fodder nursery establishment and promotion of fodder production under Sujala-III project implementation in Karnataka (India).
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This paper on good practices once again provided evidence that green fodder production is not that simple as it appears. We had experience of working on a similar project with the involvement of several stakeholders in dairy development at Pondicherry and we could not succeed in achieving our objective. Our research showed that milk prices hold the key to increasing the production, which becomes a prerequisite for demand of technologies. The problem of green fodder cultivation lies not in fodder technology availability or access per se but has several ramifications which are not in the purview of the individual stakeholders. It also provided evidence that the adoption of an innovation (fodder transaction) is constrained by social, economic and policy issues rather than technological issues and include transportation of fodder, relations between the fodder growers, buyers, market facilitators or intermediaries, government policy on milk pricing, urbanization, industrialization etc. [Reference: Rao SVN, Natchimuthu K, Ramkumar S, Rasheed Sulaiman V and Ranjitha Puskur 2014 Technology is essential but not sufficient for its adoption evidence from fodder Innovation Project, Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 84 (11): 1228–1235] These are some of the reasons why the area under green fodder is almost static. There are fodder entrepreneurs who are doing extremely well in several places including Pondicherry but their number is less and their farming situation is quite conducive for them to get good returns through fodder cultivation. Congratulations to all the authors for bringing out good practices in fodder nursery/ production based on their field experience. Kindly see our November 2014/Article S V N RAO, K NATCHIMUTHU, S RAMKUMAR, V RASHEED SULAIMAN, and RANJITHA PUSKUR TECHNOLOGY IS ESSENTIAL BUT NOT SUFFICIENT FOR ITS ADOPTION EVIDENCE FROM FODDER INNOVATION PROJECT Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Puducherry 605 009 India ABSTRACT: The aim of the paper is to better understand how various social and policy issues constrain the adoption of innovations among dairy farmers and presents the observations of the relationship between the adoption of green fodder feeding to dairy cattle and marketing of milk in Puducherry. Though there are some isolated successes of promoting fodder entrepreneurs by the development departments in Puducherry, these approaches could not be sustained due to lack of complementary or supportive institutional arrangements. Adoption of an innovation (fodder transaction) is more constrained by social, economic and policy issues, which include transportation of fodder, relations between the fodder growers, buyers, secretary, Milk Cooperative Society, leaders of Women Self Help Groups, government policy on milk pricing, urbanization and, industrialization, rather than technological issues. The insights offered in this paper could be useful in the design of policies to address complex economic and social issues associated with fodder usage by the dairy farmers in general and landless dairy farmers in particular.
India is one among the fodder deficit countries and livestock sustain mostly on crop residues or low quality grasses. The area under fodder cultivation has remained more or less static for many years. There is possibility to improve livestock productivity via improved animal feeding practices, wherein green fodder plays a key role. Considering these facts, the authors have chosen to address the important issue of fodder nursery, for which they deserve appreciation. I appreciate their team work in bring out this good practices note which is very well written. I believe this kind of practices need nationwide replication to improve livestock productivity in India. Hope this note will motivate and inspire many others to come forward to write many more Good practices on many different issues having bearing on agricultural productivity. I congratulate the Authors and AESA for this impactful good practices note.
Thank you sir for highlighting the importance of fodder production. I have added the status of fodder production in India for all the members..